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Seminarios académicos y conferencias

Felipe González, PUC – Economía

"The geography of repression and support for democracy: Evidence from the Pinochet dictatorship", coautoreado con María Angélica Bautista (U. Chicago), Luis Martínez (U. Chicago), Pablo Muñoz (UC Berkeley) y Mounu Prem (U. Rosario).

5 septiembre 2018 - 15:30 hrs.

Sala de postgrados, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Administrativas UC

Abstract: We show that state-led repression under dictatorship can backfire and contribute to democratization. Studying the military dictatorship of Augusto Pinochet in Chile, we find that the predetermined location of military bases predicts local levels of civilian victimization, but is unrelated to historical political preferences, as well as to state presence during the dictatorship. Using the geographic proximity to these bases as an instrumental variable, we estimate that increased exposure to repression led to higher rates of voter registration and to a higher vote share against Pinochet in the 1988 plebiscite that triggered the transition to democracy. These results constitute a novel explanation to the common phenomenon of democratization by elections.