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Publicado en: Artículo en revista académica

Optimal Capital Income Taxation Under firm Heterogeneity

Rodrigo Cerda; Diego Saravia.

Journal of Macroeconomics, 2013.

We study steady state optimal taxation in a context where firms differ in productivity and they decide whether to produce in a formal sector where the government raises taxes or an informal sector where it cannot do so. The government taxes capital income, firms’ profits and labor income. In this context, taxation might distort the firms’ decisions to participate in the formal sector (extensive margin) as well as their factor allocations once they decide to produce (intensive margin). We find that the government has incentives to subsidize costs to induce firms into the formal sector, making them taxable and completing the tax system. The optimal capital income tax is negative while the corporate tax rate is positive and the sign of labor income tax is ambiguous. We show numerically that following a Ramsey policy rather than actually observed taxes have significant effects on welfare

 

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