The Origins and Long-Run Consequences of the Division of Labor
Emilio Depetris-Chauvin; Ömer Özak
Documento de Trabajo IE-PUC, N° 471, 2017.
This research explores the historical roots and persistent effects of the division of labor in premodern societies. Exploiting a novel ethnic-level dataset, which combines geocoded ethnographic, linguistic and genetic data, it advances the hypothesis and establishes empirically that population diversity had a positive effect on the division of labor, which translated into persistent differences in economic development. Specifically, it establishes that pre-modern economic specialization was conducive to pre-modern statehood, urbanization and social hierarchy. Moreover, it demonstrates that higher levels of pre-modern economic specialization are associated with greater skill-biased occupational heterogeneity, economic complexity and economic development in the contemporary era.
Keywords: Comparative Development, Division of Labor, Economic Specialization, Population Diversity, Cultural Diversity, Persistence, Human Capital, Skill-Bias
JEL Classification: O10, O40, O43, O44, Z10, Z13
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Etiquetas: Comparative Development, Cultural Diversity, Division of Labor, Economic Specialization, human capital, Persistence, Population Diversity, Skill-Bias