The Effect of Transport Policies on Car Use: Evidence from Latin American Cities
Journal of Public Economics. Volume 107, November 2013, Pages 47–62.
In an effort to reduce air pollution and congestion, Latin American cities have experimented with different policies to persuade drivers to give up their cars in favor of public transport. This paper looks at two of such policies: the driving restriction program introduced in Mexico-City in November of 1989 –Hoy-NoCircula (HNC)– and the public transport reform carried out in Santiago in February of 2007 –Transantiago (TS). Based on hourly concentration records of carbon monoxide, which comes primarily from vehicles exhaust, we find that household responses to both HNC and TS have been ultimately unfortunate –more cars on the road and higher pollution levels– but also remarkably similar in two important aspects: on how policy responses vary widely among income groups and on how fast households adjust their stock of vehicles, when they do.
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Etiquetas: América Latina, Chile, medioambiente, México, políticas públicas, restricción vehicular, transporte