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Biblioteca

16 de marzo 2017
Composición de Género y Rendimiento Escolar 

Al ser la educación considerada como un factor determinante del futuro laboral de las personas, se hace necesario identificar los componentes claves que impactan el proceso de aprendizaje. Siendo el ambiente escolar uno de ellos, en este trabajo se evalúa los efectos de la composición de género de los pares en el rendimiento académico de los alumnos utilizando […]

11 de enero 2017
El Efecto Trabajador Adicional ante Problemas de Salud

En este trabajos se estudia la existencia del Efecto Trabajador Adicional (ETA) cuando el hombre padece un problema de salud utilizando datos de la Encuesta CASEN 2011. Los problemas de salud analizados son los accidentes, la diabetes y la Enfermedad Renal Crónica Terminal. Al utilizar modelos de probabilidad lineal, se encuentra que los dos primeros […]

20 de octubre 2016
Una Aproximación al Salario Diferencial Compensatorio por Riesgo Laboral en Chile

According to the compensating wage differentials theory, employees have to be paid for job riskiness. If the worker has a public insurance for labor accidents, compensation will be less. The objective of this document is to study the labor riskiness compensations obtained in Chile considering different occupations and adscription to the public insurance. A conceptual framework is proposed […]

07 de marzo 2016
Unemployment, participation and worker flows over the life cycle

We estimate life-cycle transition probabilities among employment, unemployment and inactivity for US workers. We assess the importance of each worker flow to account for participation and unemployment rates over the life cycle. We find that inactivity exit and entry matter but the empirically relevant margins defy conventional wisdom: high youth unemployment is due to high […]

12 de mayo 2015
Labor Demand: Chile 1986-2001

Since the recovery of the 1982 crisis, the Chilean labor market evolved very favorably. Employment and real wages of the Chilean population increased steadily since the mid 1980s until 1998. However, since 1998, unemployment rose as the creation of jobs (and therefore net employment) showed a much smaller growth rate compared to the period 1982-1998. […]

12 de mayo 2015
Labor Market Implications of Limited Integration

Globalization, in its multiple interpretations, is seen by many people as a great possibility of improving living standards in developing countries. Trade and financial integration can encourage competition, technology transfers and specialization according to comparative advantage principles. Indeed, after decades of protectionism with very poor results, many countries have actively opened their economies to global […]

12 de mayo 2015
Deserción Escolar y Trabajo Juvenil: ¿Dos Caras de una Decisión?

En Chile, prácticamente no hay deserción en educación básica; sin embargo, en secundaria la tasa de deserción es de un 10%. Este artículo estudia los determinantes de dicha tasa de deserción. Para ello presenta un modelo microeconométrico de elección bivariada que permite estudiar conjuntamente dos decisiones diferentes, pero relacionadas: la de deserción escolar y la […]

06 de mayo 2015
Intrahousehold Allocation and Bargaining Power: Evidence from Chile

Until 1999, children born out of wedlock in Chile had fewer child support rights than those born to married couples. I interpret a change in this law as an increase in the household bargaining power of women in cohabiting relationships. Using a panel of cross-sectional data, I find a decrease in the probability of working […]