Seminarios académicos y conferencias
Idiosincratic risk, aggregate risk, and the welfare effects of social security
7 Enero 2016 - 17 hrs.
Sala 209, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Administrativas UC
Abstract: We ask whether a pay-as-you-go-financed social security system is welfare improving in an economy with idiosyncratic productivity risk and aggregate business cycle risk. We show analytically that the whole welfare benefit from joint insurance against both risks is greater than the sum of benefits from insurance against the two isolated risk components. One reason is the convexity of the welfare gain in total risk. The other reason is a direct risk interaction which amplifies the utility losses from consumption risk. We proceed with a quantitative evaluation of social security’s welfare effects. We find that introducing a small social security system leads to substantial welfare gains in expectation, even net of the welfare losses from crowding out. This stands in contrast to the welfare losses documented in previous studies which all consider only one risk in isolation. About 60% of the welfare gains would be missing when simply summing up the isolated benefits.