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Seminarios académicos y conferencias

Valentina Paredes, Universidad de Chile

Where are the Missing Babies? The Effect of Increased Access to Higher Education on Family Planning

coautoreado con Fabián Duarte y Pablo Troncoso

12 Octubre 2016 - 15:30

Sala 113, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Administrativas UC

Decline in fertility is a worldwide issue. However, it is exacerbated in developing countries that are progressing through a demographic transition. These changes in fertility has worried policy makers because of the consequences for an aging, and shrinking, workforce. One of the determinants of fertility widely studied in the literature is education. However, neither the sign nor the scale of the impact of fertility on education are clear. Using a difference in difference approach, we estimate the effect of the creation of new universities on women’s decisions to pursue further education, whether to become a mother, when to have children, and how many children to have. Our results show that the creation of new universities indeed had a positive and significant effect on the probability of having higher education. However, we found no effect on completed fertility. We found that greater access to higher education reduced the probability of being a mother 6 years later, but had no effect 16 years after the shock. We attribute this effect to the incompatibility of the educational system with motherhood, which forces women to postpone their fertility decisions until after completing their studies.