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Publicado en: Documento de trabajo

The Origins of the Division of Labor in Pre-modern Times

Emilio Depetris-Chauvin; Ömer Özak

Documento de Trabajo IE-PUC, N° 511, 2018.

Abstract: This research explores the historical roots of the division of labor in pre-modern societies. It advances the hypothesis and establishes empirically that intra-ethnic diversity had a positive effect on the division of labor across ethnicities in the pre-modern era. Exploiting a variety of identification strategies and a novel ethnic level dataset combining geocoded ethnographic, linguistic and genetic data, it establishes that higher levels of intra-ethnic diversity were conducive to economic specialization in the pre-modern era. The findings are robust to a host of geographical,  institutional, cultural and historical confounders, and suggest that variation in intra-ethnic diversity is the main predictor of the division of labor in pre-modern times.

Keyords: Comparative Development, Division of Labor, Economic Specialization, Intra-Ethnic Diversity, Cultural Diversity, Population Diversity, Genetic Diversity, Linguistic Diversity
JEL: D74, F10, F14, J24, N10, O10, O11, O12, O40, O43, O44, Z10, Z13.


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