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Publicado en: Tesis Magíster

Toxic Disaster in Arica: Early Childhood Effects

Felipe Vial L.

Tesis, Magíster en Economía, IE-PUC, 2015

Abstract: In this paper I analyse the effect of lead contamination in Arica on the cognitive and non-cognitive skills of young children. Arica has received lead contamination from two main sources: toxic waste disposal and concentrated mineral storage related to the
Arica-La Paz railroad. Using data from the ELPI 2010 and the ELPI 2012 and soil lead levels from a 2009 CONAMA study, I perform OLS regressions in both years to asses short and medium term effects. Results show negative effects on both cognitive and non-cognitive skills for children living closer to more contaminated areas.


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