Sala de Postgrado
“Do dictatorships affect people’s long term beliefs and preferences?”
Abstract: Does the political regime experienced during youth have long lasting effects on political beliefs and preferences? I exploit time and country variation in political regimes in Latin America using data from the 1995 to 2010 Latinobarometer and find that exposure to non-democratic regimes during youth reduces subsequent preference for democracy, satisfaction with democracy and confidence in institutions. These results suggest exposure to dictatorships during formative years permanently eroded democratic values. Exposure to non-democratic regimes also affects self-location in an ideology scale, reducing identifcation with the Right and increasing identifcation with the Left; which suggests dictatorships also shaped the political orientation of voters.
Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Administrativas UC
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