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Publicado en: Artículo en revista académica

Childcare Effects on Maternal Employment: Evidence from Chile

Claudia Martínez A.; Marcela Perticará

Journal of Development Economics, vol 126, 127-137

Using a randomized experiment, this study examines whether offering afterschool care for children aged between 6 and 13 has an  impact  on  labor  market  outcomes forwomen  in Chile. The results show that program participation increases employment by 5% and labor force participationby  7%,  while  the intervention  also generates substantial  childcare substitution. The results also suggest  that  the  provision of afterschool  care for  older children triggersthe use of free daycare for young (ineligible) children.

Keywords: Female labor supply, childcare, randomized control trial, afterschool programs

JEL Codes: J13, J21


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